The Maya created an agriculturally intensive, city centered empire, consisting of numerous independent city states. Unlike the Aztecs and the Incas, the Maya had no central political center that, once overthrown, would allow control of the Maya nation.
Their pyramids were the largest structures outside of Ancient Egypt, marvels of engineering and key buildings were often designed to align with specific celestial events. The layout of most cities was in line with the four cardinal directions of Maya belief.
Maya mathematics and astronomy were more advanced than those of their Ancient Roman counterparts. They developed their own numeric system, based on the number twenty, and they were one of the very first to conceive of the concept of zero, many years before the Ancient Greeks.
The wonder and the miracle of Maya time philosophy were their 28 incredibly accurate, interlocking calendars, encompassing the many different dimensions of the human experience — from human biology to cycles of agriculture to the movement of the stars and planets into holistic, multidimensional worldview. They sought harmony by attempting to combine space with time, and sought balance for the cosmos through their ceremonies. To learn more about the ancient Mayan Civilization, watch the first 8 minutes of Mayan Renaissance free.